Plzeň (in english and german Pilsen) was founded in 1295 at the junction of 4 rivers, forming a river with new name (and thus called also the city of 5 rivers). The city has a small but nice historical centre with the St. Barholomew cathedral placed at the main square. It has interesting underground consisting of several km of corridors under the city centre.
Pilsen has around 170.000 inhabitants and is 4th largest city in the Czech Republic, it is the capital of the Pilsen region. It is located on a way from Prague towards west, 80 km from Prague and just 70 km from German border, 200 km from Nuremberg. By highway D5 from Prague it is connected with Germany, where it continues as A6 towards France. Since the Ruzyně international airport in Prague is in the western part of the city, the airport is easily reachable from Pilsen by both car and public transport.
The city is known for a brewery, where the lager or Pilsner type of brewing was started in 1842. While many especially german breweries use the word "Pilsner" or "Pils" to indicate the type of the beer, Pilsner Urquell remains the genuine original. There is one more big brewery, called Gambrinus and also several other small breweries.
Pilsen is also home of industrial companies. Industrial history of the city is connected with founding of small industrial company in 1859, see Škoda Works. Škoda works bought Laurin and Klement's car factory in 1925, now Škoda cars are the most known products with this name. During the socialist period, the big joint state-owned machinery factory ŠKODA (called at that time "factories of V. I. Lenin" of course) however produced very broad scope of products, for example locomotives or nuclear reactors. After revolution only few factories from this big group survived the democratization and privatization processes. Nowadays, the city hosts a lot of filials of world-known names such us Panasonic, that are very close to the campus in the Bory industrial zone.
Pilsen won the competition "European Capital of Culture" 2015, together with Mons from Belgium. What a nice coincidence, Mons is the home of "father" of eNTERFACE, Thierry Dutoit.